Document Type : Original Article

Authors

1 Electrical Rotating Machines Research dept Niroo Research Institute Tehran, Iran

2 Electrical engineer department of Iran university of science and technology

3 Iran University of Science and Technology

4 Electrical Engineering dept. Iran University of science and technology Tehran, Iran

5 Electrical and computer engineering dept. Tarbiat Modares University Tehran, Iran

Abstract

synchronous reluctance motors are among the most popular electric motors today, due to their relatively good features, but the important thing to consider about these motors is to calculate and estimate their rotor position, and failure to do so may cause damage in their control system. Therefore, many methods such as sensorless, hall-effect, GMR, encoder, etc. were used to compute and estimate the rotor position, each of which has its own advantages and disadvantages. Besides, in many articles, the effect of positional error and the effect of this error on the control system and the method of dealing with this chronic problem are not analytically stated, and only this phenomenon has been studied in operation. Whereas, in this paper, firstly, a variety of conventional methods available for estimating and calculation the rotor position of synchronous reluctance motors briefly is introduced, and then investigated the effect of the error on the control system and at the end, the results of simulation and mathematical analyzes the impact of this error on the control system is presented.

Keywords

[1] Bianchi, Nicola, Silverio Bolognani, Enrico Carraro, Mose Castiello, and Emanuele Fornasiero. "Electric vehicle traction based on synchronous reluctance motors." IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications 52, no. 6 (2016): 4762-4769.

 

[2] Shi, Tingna, Zheng Wang, and Changliang Xia. "Speed measurement error suppression for PMSM control system using self-adaption Kalman observer." IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics 62, no. 5 (2014): 2753-2763.

[3] Castagnini, Alessandro, Tero Känsäkangas, Jere Kolehmainen, and Pietro Savio Termini. "Analysis of the starting transient of a synchronous reluctance motor for direct-on-line applications." In 2015 IEEE International Electric Machines & Drives Conference (IEMDC), pp. 121-126. IEEE, 2015.

[4] Reigosa, David, Daniel Fernandez, Cristina Gonzalez, Sang Bin Lee, and Fernando Briz. "Permanent magnet synchronous machine drive control using analog hall-effect sensors." IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications 54, no. 3 (2018): 2358-2369.

 

[5] Gächter, Jens, and Mario Hirz. "Evaluation of Rotor Position Sensor Characteristics and Impact on Control Quality of Permanent Magnet Synchronous Machines (PMSM)." (2016).

 

[6] Singh, Anant Kumar, Ramakrishnan Raja, Tomy Sebastian, and Abraham Gebregergis. "Effect of Position Measurement Delay on the Performance of PMSM Drive." In 2018 IEEE Energy Conversion Congress and Exposition (ECCE), pp. 4622-4627. IEEE, 2018.

 

[7] Ramakrishnan, Raja, Abraham Gebregergis, Mohammad Islam, and Tomy Sebastian. "Effect of position sensor error on the performance of PMSM drives for low torque ripple applications." In 2013 International Electric Machines & Drives Conference, pp. 1166-1173. IEEE, 2013.

 

[8] Lara, Jorge, Jianhong Xu, and Ambrish Chandra. "Effects of rotor position error in the performance of field-oriented-controlled PMSM drives for electric vehicle traction applications." IEEE Transactions on Industrial electronics 63, no. 8 (2016): 4738-4751.

 

[9] Reigosa, David, Daniel Fernandez, Cristina Gonzalez, Sang Bin Lee, and Fernando Briz. "Permanent magnet synchronous machine drive control using analog hall-effect sensors." IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications 54, no. 3 (2018): 2358-2369.

 

[10] Accetta, Angelo, Maurizio Cirrincione, Marcello Pucci, and Gianpaolo Vitale. "Neural sensorless control of linear induction motors by a full-order Luenberger observer considering the end effects." IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications 50, no. 3 (2013): 1891-1904.

 

[11] Hamida, Mohamed Assaad, Jesus De Leon, Alain Glumineau, and Robert Boisliveau. "An adaptive interconnected observer for sensorless control of PM synchronous motors with online parameter identification." IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics 60, no. 2 (2012): 739-748.

 

[12] Schalk, Adelbert. "Tacho generator." U.S. Patent 5,177,389, issued January 5, 1993.

 

[13] Brock, Stefan, and Krzysztof Zawirski. "Speed measurement method for digital control system." In 9th European Conference on Power Electronics and Applications, vol. 27, p. 29. 2001.

 

[14] Fernandez, Daniel, Doosoo Hyun, Yonghyun Park, David Díaz Reigosa, Sang Bin Lee, Dong-Myung Lee, and Fernando Briz. "Permanent magnet temperature estimation in PM synchronous motors using low-cost Hall effect sensors." IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications 53, no. 5 (2017): 4515-4525.

 

[15] Shih, Hua-Yu, and Yee-Pien Yang. "Fault-tolerant Control of a Novel Powered Wheelchair Driven by Rim Motors with Hall Effect Sensors." In 2018 IEEE/ASME International Conference on Advanced Intelligent Mechatronics (AIM), pp. 706-711. IEEE, 2018.

 

[16] Brock, Stefan, and Krzysztof Zawirski. "Speed measurement method for digital control system." In 9th European Conference on Power Electronics and Applications, vol. 27, p. 29. 2001.

 

[17] Chaber, Patryk, and Maciej Lawrynczuk. "Fast Analytical Model Predictive Controllers and Their Implementation for STM32 ARM Microcontroller." IEEE Transactions on Industrial Informatics (2019).

 

[18] Vagati, Alfredo, Michele Pastorelli, and Giovanni Franceschini. "High-performance control of synchronous reluctance motors." IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications 33, no. 4 (1997): 983-991.

[19] Ahn, Jin-Woo, Sung-Jun Park, and Dong-Hee Lee. "Novel encoder for switching angle control of SRM." IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics 53, no. 3 (2006): 848-854.

 

[20] Xia, Changliang, Bingnan Ji, and Yan Yan. "Smooth speed control for low-speed high-torque permanent-magnet synchronous motor using proportional–integral–resonant controller." IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics 62, no. 4 (2014): 2123-2134.